SPoRT scientists study land surface processes and develop real-time products using models and remote-sensing datasets to help stakeholders improve situational awareness and forecasting of hydrological events such as drought and floods.
To support real-time drought and pluvial decision-making over the Conterminous United States, SPoRT developed the SPoRT-Land Information Systems product (SPoRT-LIS). SPoRT-LIS is an observation-driven configuration based off NASA’s Land Information Systems (LIS), a high-performing land surface modeling and data assimilation framework that runs a variety of Land Surface Models (LSMs) to characterize land surface states and fluxes.
SPoRT research scientists also played an integral role in developing the Evaporative Stress Index (ESI). ESI helps capture early signals of “flash droughts”, where extended periods of hot, dry, and windy conditions rapidly depletes soil moisture, impacting crops during peak growing season.